Mental Health Glossary

Definitions from Tanners Wood School – Year 6  


Trauma: Trauma is when you physically damage your body and it effects your life negatively.

Gender Dysphoria: Gender Dysphoria is when some people want to change their gender, so much that they have a procedure, where a man turns into a woman or a woman turns into a man.

Bereavement: Bereavement is where someone your close too passes away, leaving you upset and with physical consequences.

Panic Attack: A panic attack comes on suddenly, one minute you are okay and the next you are not.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): BDD is when you feel really bad about your bod and you think that parts of your body are ugly.

Depression: Depression makes you feel sad, lonely and tired. Having depression makes you not want to play with friends or spend time with anyone else.

Binge Eating Disorder (BED): BED is an eating disorder that makes you eat a lot even when you aren’t hungry and you feel ashamed about it after

Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar disorder causes mood swings which are changing from extremely happy and bubbly to depressed and sad.

Post-Natal Depression: New mums sometimes suffer from post-natal depression. This is when a new mother struggles and worries about their new baby and how they will cope.

Phobias: Phobias are when you get scared and upset from a certain item, event or thing.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): PTSD is a condition where someone sees or experiences a particularly traumatic occurrence and this effects them in the future.

Self-Harm: Self-harm is when you feel that you need to hurt yourself to cope with your emotions.

Addiction: Addiction is a condition where you can’t stop using or doing something that you feel like you cannot cope without.

Eating Disorder: Eating disorders are when you eat too much or don’t eat at all for a long period of time.

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder): OCD is when people do the same thing over and over again in the same way.  If somebody else moves something the person with OCD will put it back how they like it; they will be stressed by the other person’s actions and these will get worse the more that they think about it.  Another example is when you are obsessed with hygiene and repeatedly wash your hands if you touch something or someone.

Anxiety: Anxiety is when somebody is afraid, or scared, to do something because they think the outcome will only be bad.  For eg, being scared to do an activity involving heights.

Psychosis: Psychosis is a mental health disorder when you may see things that are not really there (hallucinations).  People with psychosis may have a strange relationship with reality.

Schizophrenia: People with schizophrenia do not understand the world in a normal way.  It affects the way they think and there may be a voice in their head telling them what to do.  People with schizophrenia do not think clearly, they are confused, find mixing with other people difficult and lack motivation.

Stress: Stress is caused by any kind of demand, external pressure or threat.  Your body goes into ‘fight or flight’ mode – you cannot think straight and sleeping can be difficult.  An outsider can tell whether a person is stressed by the way they respond to different situations.  This can include over-reactions to certain situations.